INDN 212 Project 2

Hydroponics research summary. | Greenfingers

A quick summary of hydroponic cultivation.

The three main types are;

1) Static solution; plants are grown in a container in a nutrient solution.

2) Continuous flow solution; nutrient solution flows through a closed circuit using a pump.

3) Aeroponics; Plant roots are suspended in the air and nutrient solution is delivered as a fine mist.

In static and continuous flow solutions a solid medium such as gravel is sometimes used to support the roots.

Things to consider;

·         Hydroponically cultivated plants are typically healthier as they receive the correct amount of nutrients, and don’t come in contact with soil-borne pests and disease. They also can also have an increased growth rate of as much as 50% compared to soil cultivated plants.

·         Hydroponic systems can be hard to manage for unexperienced individuals, particularly in regards to correct nutrition.

·         Static systems can require more effort because of the standing water (think ponds), and nutrient imbalances within the system occur more easily, which can lead to the death of the plant.

·         A failure in the hydroponic system can rapidly lead to plant death as you no longer have the soil to buffer environmental changes.

·         Hydroponics can require a large investment of time as the plant reacts rapidly to good or bad nutrition so needs to be carefully monitored.